Template:Redirect Template:Infobox Person Template:Portal Howard G. "Ward" Cunningham (born May 26, 1949) is the American computer programmer who developed the first wiki. A pioneer in both design patterns and Extreme Programming, he started programming the software WikiWikiWeb in 1994 and installed it on the website of his software consultancy, Cunningham & Cunningham (commonly known by its domain name,, on March 25, 1995, as an add-on to the Portland Pattern Repository. He currently lives in Beaverton, Oregon and is the chief technology officer for AboutUs.

He has co-authored a book about wikis, titled The Wiki Way, and also invented Framework for Integrated Tests. He was a keynote speaker at the first three instances of the WikiSym conference series on wiki research and practice.

Personal history Edit

Howard G. "Ward" Cunningham received his Bachelor's degree in interdisciplinary engineering (electrical engineering and computer science) and his master's degree in computer science from Purdue University. He is a founder of Cunningham & Cunningham, Inc. He has also served as Director of R&D at Wyatt Software and as Principal Engineer in the Tektronix Computer Research Laboratory. He is founder of the Hillside Group and has served as program chair of the Pattern Languages of Programming conference which it sponsors. Cunningham was part of the Smalltalk community. From December 2003 until October 2005, he worked for Microsoft Corporation in the "patterns & practices" group. From October 2005 to May 2007, he held the position of Director of Committer Community Development at the Eclipse Foundation. In May 2007, he joined AboutUs as its chief technology officer.[1][2][3]

Ideas and inventions Edit

Cunningham is well-known for a few widely disseminated ideas which he originated and developed. The most famous among these are the wiki (named after WikiWikiWeb) and many ideas in the field of software patterns.

In a 2006 interview with Cunningham admitted that he had thought about patenting the Wiki concept when he first created it.[4]

Patterns and Extreme Programming Edit

Cunningham is also well known for his contributions to the developing practice of object-oriented programming, in particular the use of pattern languages and, (with Kent Beck), CRC (Class-Responsibility Collaboration) cards. He is also a significant contributor to the Extreme Programming software development methodology. A great deal of this work was collaboratively carried out in the first wiki site itself.

References Edit


External linksEdit

Template:Commons Template:Wikiquote

bg:Уорд Кънингам ca:Ward Cunningham da:Ward Cunningham de:Ward Cunningham et:Ward Cunningham es:Ward Cunningham eo:Ward Cunningham eu:Ward Cunningham fa:وارد كانينگهام fr:Ward Cunningham fur:Ward Cunningham ga:Ward Cunningham ko:워드 커닝엄 id:Ward Cunningham it:Ward Cunningham he:וורד קנינגהם sw:Ward Cunningham nl:Ward Cunningham ja:ウォード・カニンガム no:Ward Cunningham nn:Ward Cunningham pl:Ward Cunningham pt:Ward Cunningham ro:Ward Cunningham ru:Каннингем, Уорд sq:Ward Cunningham simple:Ward Cunningham fi:Ward Cunningham sv:Ward Cunningham uk:Каннінгам Вард zh:沃德·坎宁安

Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.