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Part of the series on
Censorship
By country

Algeria
Australia
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China
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France
Germany
India
Iran
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Japan

Malaysia
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Pakistan
Russia
Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Singapore
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North Korea
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United States
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See also:
Freedom of speech by country
By media

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Re-edited films
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By channel

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By method

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By context

Corporate censorship
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Political censorship
In religion

See also

Banned video games

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Many societies have banned certain books. This is a partial list of books which have been banned.

Various scriptures have been banned (and sometimes burned) at several points in history. The Bible, the Qur'an, and other religious scriptures have all been subjected to censorship and have been banned in various cities and countries. In Medieval Europe, the Roman Catholic Church created a program that lasted until 1966 to deal with dissenting printed opinion; it was called the Index Librorum Prohibitorum (index of prohibited books). Over the years many books based on the scriptures have also been banned, such as Leo Tolstoy's The Kingdom of God is Within You, which was banned in Russia for being anti-establishment.

Books deemed critical of the state or its interests are another common target for banning.

Books that deal with criminal matter have also been subjected to censorship. Small-press titles that have become infamous by being banned include The Anarchist Cookbook, E for EcstasyTemplate:Fact, and Hit Man.

In the four-volume series Banned Books,[1] the volumes were divided by grounds for banning: political, religious, sexual and social. The first three are often cited together as taboo in polite conversation.

Notably, children's books that deal with death or other teenage angst or various crimes often find themselves banned perhaps because of parental worries about teenage suicide or copycat crimes. Many publications are targeted on the premise that children would be corrupted by reading them. This fear led to the creation of the Comics Code Authority in 1954.

Template:AlphanumericTOC

List of banned books[]

Template:Inc-lit Template:-

A[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
All Quiet on the Western Front Erich Maria Remarque Anti-war novel Banned in Nazi Germany for demoralizing and insulting the Wehrmacht.[2]
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain Children’s/Adventure novel Banned in 1885 in the Concord, Massachusetts library for being what the Public Library Committee called "trash." Template:Fact
Andersonville (novel) MacKinlay Kantor Novel Banned in many places in the United States for obscenities and for promoting immorality. [3]
Animal Farm George Orwell Political novella Publication delayed in UK because of anti-Stalin theme. Confiscated in Germany by Allied troops. Banned in 1946 in Yugoslavia. Also banned in Kenya in 1991 and in the United Arab Emirates in 2002.[4]
Areopagitica John Milton Essay Banned in England for political reasons.[5]
As I Lay Dying William Faulkner Novel Banned in Kentucky for language and for being anti-Christian. [6]
Angaray Sajjad Zaheer Progressive short stories Banned in 1936 by the British government Template:Fact

B[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Black Beauty Anna Sewell Novel Was banned in South Africa in 1955 because of the use of the word 'black' in the title.[7]
Black Boy Richard Wright Novel Banned in Mississippi; California; Nashua, NH; Island Trees, NY for being Anti-Catholic, Anti-Semitic, Anti-Christian and obscene.[8]
Burger's Daughter Nadine Gordimer Novel Banned in South Africa in 1979 for going against the government's racial policies. [9]

C[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Catcher in the Rye J.D. Salinger Novel Banned in various parts of the U.S. for language and sexual content. Also challenged and removed from several schools because the main character exhibits behavior deemed "inappropriate".[10]
Call of the Wild Jack London Novel Banned in Yugoslavia, and Italy.[11]
Candide Voltaire Novel Seized by US Customs in 1930 for obscenity.[11]

D[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Death of Lorca Ian Gibson Biography, True crime Banned briefly in Spain. [1]
Decent Interval Frank Snepp Nonfiction Banned in the US because the author had published material that, as a former CIA employee, he was not allowed to publish. [12]
Doctor Zhivago Boris Pasternak Novel Banned within the USSR until 1988 for its criticism of the Bolshevik Party. [13]

E[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
El Señor Presidente Miguel Angel Asturias Novel Banned in Guatemala because it went against the ruling political leaders. [14]

F[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Federal Mafia Irwin Schiff Nonfiction An injunction was issued by a U.S. District Court in Nevada under Template:Usc against Irwin Schiff and associates Cynthia Neun and Lawrence Cohen, against the sale of this book by those persons as the court found that the information it contains is fraudulent.[15]
Freedom Writers Diary The Freedom Writers Nonfiction Banned in Perry Township, Indiana, for sexual content and racial slurs.[16]
The Fugitive (Perburuan) Pramoedya Ananta Toer Novel Banned in Indonesia for being too communistic and for other political reasons. [17]

G[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Giver Lois Lowry Novel Banned from some schools in Kansas and California; restricted at schools in several other U.S. states. The book addresses many controversial themes including euthanasia.[18]
The God of Small Things Arundhati Roy Novel Written in 1996, claimed to be portraying intereligion occasional sex scenes involving a Christian woman and low caste-Hindhu servant. Ban overturned in India.[19]
The Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck Novel Banned in many places in the US. In the region of California in which it was set, it was banned because it made the residents of this region look bad.[20]
The Gulag Archipelago Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Nonfiction Banned in the Soviet Union because it went against the common way of thinking there.[21]

H[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason

I[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason

J[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason

K[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The King Never Smiles Paul M. Handley Biography Banned in Thailand for its criticism of King Bhumibol Adulyadej[22]

L[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Lady Chatterley's Lover D. H. Lawrence Novel Temporarily banned in the United States and UK for violation of obscenity laws. Banned in Australia.[23]
The Lorax Dr. Seuss Children's book Banned from schools in parts of the US for being an allegorical political commentary.[24]

M[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Mein Kampf Adolf Hitler Political ideology Banned due to anti-Nazi laws. However, possession and sale for historical reasons is legal in Germany, Austria and the Netherlands Template:Fact.
The Mountain Wreath Petar II Petrović Njegoš Drama in verse Banned in Bosnia schools by Carlos Westendorp.[25]

N[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Notre ami le roi Gilles Perrault Biography of Hassan II of Morocco Banned in Morocco for political reasons.[26]
Native Son Richard Wright Novel Banned in the USA for sexually graphic and violent content.[27]

O[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
On the Origins and Perpetual Use of the Legislative Powers of the Apostolic Kings of Hungary in Matters Ecclesiastical. Adam F. Kollár Legal-political Banned by the Vatican in 1514 for arguments against the political role of the Roman Catholic Church.[28] Original title: De Originibus et Usu perpetuo.

P[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Peaceful Pill Handbook Philip Nitschke and Fiona Stewart Instructional manual on euthanasia It was initially banned in New Zealand by Office of Film & Literature Classification since it was deemed to be objectionable.[29] In May 2008 it was allowed for sale if sealed and an indication of the censorship classification was displayed.[30]

Q[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason

R[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Rights of Man Thomas Paine Political Banned in the UK and author charged with treason for supporting the French Revolution.[11] Banned in Tzarist Russia after the Decembrist revolt.
Rangila Rasul Pt. Chamupati Religious Currently banned in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.[31]

S[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Satanic Verses Salman Rushdie Novel Banned in India, Singapore,[32] and Iran for blasphemy.
Soft Target: How Indian Intelligence Service Penetrated Canada Zuhair Kashmeri & Brian McAndrew Investigative Journalism Banned in India.[33]
Spycatcher Peter Wright Autobiography Banned in UK 1985-1988 for revealing secrets. Wright was a former MI5 intelligence officer and his book was banned before it was even published in 1987.[34][35]

T[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Thalia Arius Songbook Banned in the Roman Empire in the 330s+ for contradicting Trinitarianism. All of Arius writings were ordered burned and Arius exiled, and presumably assassinated for his writings.[36] banned by the Catholic Church for the next thousand plus years.Template:Fact
Tropic of Cancer Henry Miller Novel (fictionalized memoir) Banned in the US in the 1930s until the early 1960s, seized by US customs for sexually explicit content and vulgarity. The rest of Miller's work was also banned by the United States.[37] Also banned in South Africa until the late 1980s.
The Turner Diaries William Luther Pierce Novel Book stores and libraries refuse to distribute it because of its racist theme.[38] Banned in Germany for its Nazi ideology theme and Pierce leadership in the American Nazi Party. Blamed for a number of crimes allegedly inspired by the novel.[39]

U[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Ulysses James Joyce Novel Challenged and temporarily banned in the US for its sexual content. Ban overturned in United States v. One Book Called Ulysses.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Harriet Beecher Stowe Novel Banned in the Southern States and Tzarist Russia. Challenged by the NAACP for allegedly racist portrayal of African Americans and the use of the word nigger.[40]
United States-Vietnam Relations: 1945-1967 Robert McNamara and the United States Department of Defense Government Study President Nixon attempted to suspend publication of classified information. See: New York Times Co. v. United States

V[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason

W[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Wealth of Nations Adam Smith Economic treatise Banned in communist nations Template:Fact for its capitalist content.[41]
The Well of Loneliness Radclyffe Hall Novel Banned in the UK in 1928 for its lesbian theme, republished in 1949.[42]

X[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason

Y[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason

Z[]

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Zhuan Falun Li Hongzhi Spiritual Banned as part of the persecution of Falun Gong, which began in 1999.

See also[]

References[]

Template:Reflist

External links[]

de:Verbotenes oder indiziertes Medium id:Daftar buku yang dilarang pt:Anexo:Lista de livros censurados

ru:Запрещённые книги

  1. Template:Cite book
  2. Template:Cite book
  3. Template:Citebook
  4. Karolides et al, p. 13-16
  5. Karolides et al, p. 16-20
  6. Template:Citebook
  7. Template:Cite web
  8. Template:Cite book
  9. Karolides et al, p. 29-32
  10. Template:Cite web
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Template:Cite web
  12. Karolides et al, p. 33-40
  13. Karolides et al, p. 40-45
  14. Karolides et al, p. 45-50
  15. See also footnote 1, United States v. Schiff, 2008-1 U.S. Tax Cas. (CCH) paragr. 50,111 (9th Cir. 2007), citing United States v. Schiff, 379 F.3d 621, 630 (9th Cir. 2004), regarding the Court's finding that the book The Federal Mafia: How the Government Illegally Imposes and Unlawfully Collects Income Taxes constituted "fraudulent commercial speech."
  16. Template:Cite web
  17. Karolides et al, p. 50-57
  18. [http://www.northern.edu/hastingw/Giver.html a brief overview of schools which have addressed complaints about The giver
  19. Template:Citeweb
  20. Karolides et al, p 57-71
  21. Karolides et al, p 71-78
  22. Warrick-Alexander, James (February 06, 2006). Thailand Bars Univ. Website. Yale Daily News.
  23. Template:Cite book
  24. Template:Cite web
  25. Template:Cite web
  26. Notre ami le roi par Gilles Perrault
  27. [2]
  28. Andor Csizmadia, Adam Franz Kollár und die ungarische rechtshistorische Forschung. 1982.
  29. Office of Film & Literature Classification - "The Peaceful Pill Handbook banned"
  30. http://www.censorship.govt.nz/pdfword/peaceful%20pill%20s38.pdf Office of Film & Literature Classification
  31. Self and Sovereignty: Individual and Community in South Asian Islam Since 1850 by Ayesha Jalal
  32. Template:Cite news
  33. Template:Cite web
  34. Template:Cite web
  35. 1987: Ban lifted on MI5 man's memoirs
  36. Template:Cite web
  37. From Henry Miller to Howard Stern, by Patti Davis, Newsweek, March, 2004
  38. Template:Cite web
  39. Template:Cite web
  40. Template:Cite web
  41. Template:Cite web
  42. Template:Cite news
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